Sacramento, CA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Sacramento, California - Basic Facts

The City of Sacramento is the 6th largest city in California with a population of 494,322 as of July 1, 2017. Sacramento ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in California. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Sacramento is located at latitude 38.5666 and longitude -121.4686 in Sacramento County. The formal boundaries for the City of Sacramento (see map below) encompass a land area of 97.92 sq. miles and a water area of 2.18 sq. miles. Sacramento County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 26 feet.

The City of Sacramento (GNIS ID: 2411751) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

California is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Sacramento is located within Sacramento CCD of Sacramento County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Sacramento population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Sacramento: New Helvetia.

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City of Sacramento, CA Boundary Map

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Sacramento, CA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 494,322
Daytime Population: Workers 317,610
Daytime Population: Residents 279,595
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 597,205
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.21
Population in Households 486,265
Population in Familes 370,562
Population in Group Qrtrs 8,057
Population Density2 5,048
Diversity Index3 86


Median Household Income $52,506
Average Household Income $72,839
Per Capita Income $27,361


Total Housing Units 197,136 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 86,503 (43.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 96,252 (48.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 14,380 ( 7.3%)
Median Home Value $306,795
Average Home Value $343,698


Total Households 182,756
Average Household Size 2.66
Family Households 108,248
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.8% 0.89%
Households 0.63% 0.78%
Families 0.59% 0.76%
Median Household Income   1.15%
Per Capita Income   2.28%

Sacramento, CA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Sacramento to the other 1,516 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in California by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 6 100th
Population Density # 241 84th
Diversity Index # 147 90th
Median Household Income # 878 42nd
Per Capita Income # 844 44th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE California Census Data Comparison Tool.

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