Sacramento, California - Basic Facts

Sacramento is the common name for the community and surrounding area while the formal official name is the City of Sacramento.

It is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Sacramento County at latitude 38.5816 and longitude -121.4944. Sacramento County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 26 feet.

The formal boundaries for the City of Sacramento (see map) encompass a land area of 97.92 sq. miles and a water area of 2.18 sq. miles.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Sacramento: New Helvetia.

Camera Icon Photos of the local Sacramento, CA area

Also See: Sacramento, CA ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps

Sacramento, CA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 475,303
Population in Households 467,202
Population in Familes 356,617
Population in Group Qrtrs 8,101
Population Density1 4,854
Diversity Index2 85


Total Households 177,125
Average Household Size 2.64
Family Households 104,982
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 193,185 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 83,770 (43.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 93,356 (48.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 16,060 ( 8.3%)
Median Home Value $196,250
Average Home Value $238,453


Median Household Income $45,533
Average Household Income $62,114
Per Capita Income $23,504
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


Population 0.44% 0.75%
Households 0.34% 0.67%
Families 0.28% 0.65%
Median Household Income   2.4%
Per Capita Income   2.71%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Sacramento, CA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Sacramento to the other 1,523 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in California by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable DescriptionRankPercentile
Total Population # 6 100th
Population Density1 # 241 84th
Diversity Index2 # 154 90th
Median Household Income # 974 36th
Per Capita Income # 850 44th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE California Census Data Comparison Tool.