Sacramento, CA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Sacramento, California - Basic Facts

The City of Sacramento is the 6th largest city in California with a population of 485,187 as of July 1, 2016. Sacramento ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in California. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Sacramento is located at latitude 38.5666 and longitude -121.4686 in Sacramento County. The formal boundaries for the City of Sacramento (see map below) encompass a land area of 97.92 sq. miles and a water area of 2.18 sq. miles. Sacramento County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 26 feet.

The City of Sacramento (GNIS ID: 2411751) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

California is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Sacramento is located within Sacramento CCD of Sacramento County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Sacramento population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Sacramento: New Helvetia.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Sacramento, CA Boundary Map

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Sacramento, CA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 485,187
Population in Households 477,100
Population in Familes 363,904
Population in Group Qrtrs 8,087
Population Density1 4,955
Diversity Index2 86


Total Households 179,349
Average Household Size 2.66
Family Households 106,375
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 195,498 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 84,864 (43.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 94,485 (48.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 16,149 ( 8.3%)
Median Home Value $279,708
Average Home Value $321,580


Median Household Income $51,017
Average Household Income $69,352
Per Capita Income $26,078
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.63% 0.89%
Households 0.43% 0.77%
Families 0.4% 0.76%
Median Household Income   0.17%
Per Capita Income   1.28%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Sacramento, CA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Sacramento to the other 1,516 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in California by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 6 100th
Population Density1 # 242 84th
Diversity Index2 # 152 90th
Median Household Income # 886 42nd
Per Capita Income # 858 43rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE California Census Data Comparison Tool.

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