Atwater, CA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Atwater, California - Basic Facts

The City of Atwater had a population of 29,860 as of July 1, 2017. Atwater ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in California. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Atwater is located at latitude 37.354 and longitude -120.5972 in Merced County. The formal boundaries for the City of Atwater (see map below) encompass a land area of 6.11 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Merced County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 151 feet.

The City of Atwater (GNIS ID: 2409752) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

California is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Atwater is located within Atwater CCD of Merced County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Atwater population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Atwater, CA Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Atwater CCD | Merced County | California Counties

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Atwater, CA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 29,860
Daytime Population: Workers 7,433
Daytime Population: Residents 18,620
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 26,053
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 0.87
Population in Households 29,703
Population in Familes 25,963
Population in Group Qrtrs 157
Population Density2 4,884
Diversity Index3 79


Median Household Income $45,164
Average Household Income $60,824
Per Capita Income $19,493


Total Housing Units 10,286 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 5,035 (49.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 4,322 (42.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 929 ( 9.0%)
Median Home Value $167,945
Average Home Value $226,912


Total Households 9,357
Average Household Size 3.17
Family Households 7,176
Average Family Size 4
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.81% 0.69%
Households 0.79% 0.68%
Families 0.7% 0.66%
Median Household Income   0.59%
Per Capita Income   2.29%

Atwater, CA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Atwater to the other 1,516 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in California by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 268 82nd
Population Density # 253 83rd
Diversity Index # 404 73rd
Median Household Income # 1074 29th
Per Capita Income # 1192 21st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE California Census Data Comparison Tool.

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